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Board Certifications: American Board of Facial Plastic and
Reconstructive Surgery American Board of Otolaryngology - ABO

Nasal Polyps

Nose polyps, which are also called nasal polyps, are abnormal tissue growths that can be found within the sinus cavities and/or nasal passages. In some cases, these growths remain small enough that they do not cause any problems; however, when nasal polyps grow to a certain size, they may block the nasal passages and cause a variety of problems. In these cases, it is important to consult an experienced nose specialist. Located in NYC, Dr. Rizk has been treating patients with nose polyps for many years.

Patients typically begin to experience symptoms of nasal polyps when they become quite enlarged or grow in clusters. Symptoms include a blocked nose, difficulty breathing through the nose, snoring, runny nose, a change in the sense of taste and/or smell, and post-nasal drip. When nasal polyps develop in or around the paranasal sinuses, they may cause a sinus infection or chronic sinusitis. If you regularly experience facial pain and tenderness, an elevated temperature, and difficulty breathing through the nose, you may be suffering from sinusitis. In severe cases, nose polyps may even result in obstructive sleep apnea, as the polyps can temporarily block the airways while lying down at night. This wide range of symptoms are associated with a variety of nasal and respiratory problems, so it is important to seek the help of a qualified doctor to identify the exact cause of your problem. In general, if you suffer from cold-like symptoms for more than 2 weeks or notice that these symptoms frequently recur, you should see a doctor for help. Nasal polyps do not improve on their own, so medical intervention is required.

Doctors are not entirely sure what causes nasal polyps. They tend to appear after instances of inflammation within the nasal passageways and sinus cavities. People who suffer from asthma, seasonal and environmental allergies, and other respiratory medical conditions are more likely to suffer from nose polyps. To diagnose nasal polyps, your doctor will review your symptoms, medical history, and examine your nose. If the polyps are located near the openings of the nostrils, he may be able to view them using only a small penlight. Further tests and/or examinations may be required to identify and locate nose polyps inside the nasal passageways or sinuses. If your doctor determines that nasal polyps are affecting your respiratory health, he will recommend a course of treatment. For smaller polyps, steroids will be prescribed to help shrink the polyps. If steroid treatment does not improve the condition, or if the polyps are particularly large, you may be referred to a nose surgeon, such as Dr. Rizk in New York, for polyp surgery.

Surgery to treat polyps is called endoscopic sinus surgery. During the surgery, Dr. Rizk will use a high definition endoscope, which consists of a small flexible tube and a tiny camera, to gain a clear view of the internal anatomy of the nose and locate the polyps. Polyps are excised using specific surgical instruments. The surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and leaves no external scars. After the surgery, you will be given specific instructions to follow to reduce the risk of complication and improve your comfort during the recovery period.

Although nasal polyps are known to be a recurring problem, you can be assured that our doctor will create an effective plan to manage nasal polyps and improve your overall health. If you have been diagnosed with nasal polyps, or are concerned that nasal polyps may be the cause of your health problems, please contact our New York office today.

Nasal Polyps FAQs

What are nose polyps?

Nose or nasal polyps are abnormal tissue growths found within the sinuses and/or nasal passageways. They are teardrop in shape and look like a bunch of grapes when fully grown. They can range in size and color, from shades of grey, pink, and/or yellow. When nasal polyps are very small, an individual may be completely unaware of their presence, as they are not likely to cause any health problems. When they are fully grown or occur in clusters, they can block nasal passageways and result in a variety of problems.

What are the symptoms of nasal polyps?

Nose polyps can produce a variety of symptoms. These symptoms are often similar to those of the common cold, so most people are not initially aware that nasal polyps are the cause of their breathing problems. Symptoms of nasal polyps include a blocked or stuffy nose that causes difficulty breathing through the nose, snoring, a runny nose, post-nasal drip (mucus that drips from the back of your nose down into your throat), and changes in your sense of smell or taste. In rare cases, nasal polyps can cause obstructive sleep apnea when the polyps block your nasal passageways during sleep. When nasal polyps occur in or near the nasal passageways they can cause sinus infections and chronic sinusitis. If you have been experiencing cold-like symptoms for more than two weeks, it is important to seek medical help. Nasal polyps will not resolve on their own and can cause chronic illness. If cold-like symptoms recur frequently and you find yourself constantly ill, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

What causes nose polyps?

Doctors are not entirely why some people suffer from nasal polyps while others do not. There are several health conditions that increase the likelihood of developing polyps. Asthma seasonal and environmental allergies, cystic fibrosis, and aspirin intolerance all appear to increase the risk of developing polyps. Doctors have also observed that polyps tend to occur as a result of inflammation of the nasal sinuses and linings of the nasal passageways.

When is surgery for nose polyps necessary?

When nose polyps are first diagnosed, your doctor will recommend a course of treatment. Typically steroid medications are prescribed in the hopes that the treatment will shrink the polyps and restore normal nasal function. If this treatment fails or if the polyps are particularly large, then sinus surgery may be required. In this case, your doctor may refer you to an experienced nose surgeon for surgery. Dr. Rizk frequently treats patients with enlarged polyps in New York.

How is surgery for nasal polyps performed?

The goal of surgery is to completely remove the problematic nasal polyps to restore proper respiratory function. When performing this surgery, Dr. Rizk uses a high definition telescope to locate the polyps. He will use specialized tools to excise the polyps and operates conservatively and precisely to allow for minimal pain, swelling, and bleeding during the recovery period. The surgery to treat nasal polyps is a type of sinus surgery that should only be performed by an experienced surgeon who has been specifically trained to treat sinus conditions. Located in NYC, Dr. Rizk has the experience necessary to perform surgery to remove nasal polyps.

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